Latin America's New Knowledge Economy

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Higher Education, Government, and International Collaboration

The last few decades have been a time of impressive growth and change for higher education in Latin America. Latin America's New Knowledge Economy reviews the policies, institutions, and programs that helped bring about these changes, as well as their outcomes in terms of access, workforce training, and research. Key issues discussed include: higher education’s role in advanced workforce development; trends in academic mobility and outcomes for brain circulation; government-sponsored study-abroad scholarship programs; investment in the region by U.S. universities and corporations; policy responses to challenges of access and equity; and U.S. government exchange programs with Latin America.

The book also includes an introduction by editor Jorge Balán, which provides historical and comparative context and reflects on the major dilemmas faced by public policy in higher education in the last decade.

Table of Contents

Introduction – Latin American Higher Education Systems in a Historical and Comparative Perspective by Jorge Balán, Columbia University

Chapter 1 – Government and University Autonomy: The Governance Structure of Latin American Public Institutions. by Andrés Bernasconi, Universidad Catolica de Chile

Chapter 2 – Training the 21st Century Knowledge Workers: Higher Education and Workforce Development in Latin America by Ana García de Fanelli, Centro de Estudios de Estado y Sociedad, Argentina

Chapter 3 – Building Knowledge-based Economies in Latin America: The Role of National Study Abroad Scholarship Programs by Raisa Belyavina, IIE and Jordan Brensinger, IIE

Chapter 4 – Breaking down Societal Barriers: Increasing Access and Equity to Higher Education in Latin America by Oscar Espinoza, Universidad UCINF, Chile

Chapter 5 – Trends in Student and Academic Mobility: From “Brain Drain” to “Brain Gain” in Latin America by Sylvie Didou Aupetit, Cinvestav, National Polytechnic Institute, Mexico

Chapter 6 – Partnerships and Outposts: New Roles for U.S. Universities in Latin American Higher Education by Jason Lane, University at Albany - SUNY

Chapter 7 – Toward 100,000 Strong: Western Hemisphere Academic Exchanges by Meghann Curtis, U.S. Department of State and Lisa Kraus, U.S. Department of State

Chapter 8 – Academic Research and Advanced Training: Building up Research Universities in Brazil by Elizabeth Balbachevsky, University of São Paulo, Brazil

Chapter 9 – The Brazil Science Without Borders Program: Advancing Innovation, Competitiveness and Business Leadership • Interview with Aloizio Mercadante, Education Minister, Government of Brazil • The Brazil Scientific Mobility Undergraduate Program in the United States by Edward Monks, IIE

Appendix – Broadening Opportunities for Higher Education Exchange in Latin America and the Caribbean: IIE’s Role and Work in the Region by Neshani Jani, IIE and Jonah Kokodyniak, IIE